With artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) growing increasingly prevalent in a variety of industries worldwide, some have become worried that it will lead to a decline in human-occupied jobs. Considering how close this technology has come to achieving full sentient functionality, these fears are understandable. Implementation, however, has been gradual — though undeniably progressive — in many cases, and a full-on majority replacement of human jobs is far from the case at this point in time. Put simply, robots are not going to take “all the jobs” yet — just ones involving a certain tasks.
Still, as this process advances, there are several sectors in which AI could soon become the operational norm, changing the ways we hire human employees and allocate professional responsibility. Here are three areas where AI may replace human positions — or at least further assert its presence — in the near future.
Perhaps the biggest magnet for AI implementation is the IT world. Cloud computing, AI “gatekeeping,” and analytics-based management via ML are just a few resources presented by autonomous technologies in recent years, challenging the continued purpose of human-led IT teams. In fact, some reports suggest that these technologies will occupy over 20 million IT jobs by the mid 2020s. Essentially, any tech-based position contingent on repetitive tasks is “ripe for automation.” This revelation may open new strategic doors for IT teams, who will be able to focus their attention on more layered and complex parts of their daily endeavors, but it may also warrant a complete overhaul in job reassignment — which could put many companies in temporary flux as they work to reorganize themselves internally.
Similarly, AI technology appears to be a natural fit for many facets of the service industry — especially within food- and retail-based establishments. These tasks are among the highest in terms of advanced automation potential, with around 30 percent of them now fully capable of being automated in the future. With this notion in mind, there is now “considerable potential for the spread of advanced automation.” Some businesses have already started to implement kiosks and similar technologies to replace the need for human servers, and while completely automated fast food restaurants and grocery stores are currently a distant reality, it is safe to assume that such companies are on an inevitable path to co-dominance between humans and machines.
Creativity via autonomy
Fascinatingly, autonomous technologies have also found slow implementation in jobs hinging on creativity and expression. Though artistic creation via AI has already been tested in a variety of different settings, ranging from musical composition to creative writing, it currently holds the most weight as a supplementary tool for human creation — writing scores via notation software, for instance. It is a little too early to suggest that AI will overtake the human thought process in a right-brained sense, but the technology already appears to have its foot in the door in this regard, and this may imply a lessened demand for simple songwriting and conceptualization efforts in the future.